14th Congress of the Asian Society for Pediatric Research
ABOUT THE PHILIPPINES
The Philippines is the third largest English speaking country in the world. It has a rich history combining Asian, European and American influences. Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos already had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese.
Spain’s colonization brought about the construction of Intramuros in 1571, a “Walled City” comprised of European-inspired buildings and churches, which was replicated in different parts of the archipelago. In 1898, after 350 years and 300 rebellions, the Filipinos succeeded in winning their independence.
In 1898, the Philippines became the first and only colony of the United States. Following the Philippine-American War, the United States brought widespread education to the islands. Filipinos fought alongside the Americans during World War II, particularly in the battle of Bataan and Corregidor. The Philippines regained its independence in 1946.
Filipinos are a freedom-loving people, having waged two peaceful, bloodless revolutions against what were perceived as corrupt regimes. The Philippines is a vibrant democracy, as evidenced by 12 English national newspapers, 7 national television stations, hundreds of cable TV stations and 2000 radio stations.